How Can We Stop Global Warming?


Strange Facts and Questions about Global Warming ACADEMIA and the CLIMATE EMERGENCY ITS THE LIFESTYLE, NOT THE SCIENCE Sceptics and Deniers Contact the Author, Michael Tuckson References and Acknowledgements Short CV For Beginners and the Bewildered COPENHAGEN and  AFTER BLOG WHAT YOU CAN DO NOW My Sitemap

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Trees and Forests 

Dr. Michael Tuckson

Where deforestation is serious as in Brazil and Indonesia and really in every country where deforestation is taking place, a huge effort is needed to slow it and eventually stop it and at the same time begin a programme of diverse tree planting, that is well monitored and evaluated. Deforestation takes place mainly not to sell the natural timber, which is a one off activity, but because "ägri-business" corporations wish to grow "cash" crops of cattle, fast growing timber, palm oil, soyabeans or similar. Peasant expansion and shifting cultivation also causes loss of forest primarily because of population growth.

Contour farming

The start of the replacement of shifting cultivation in the hills of Northern Laos by a diverse mixture of fruit trees, legume and other food crops planted along the contour to minimize erosion. Photo MT.

To reduce this loss of forest, sophisticated programs of enforcement of existing laws on forest destruction, strengthening of the laws, laws giving rights to native people, local community stewardship of forests, certified timber trading, agricultural land reform, training and loans for alternative employment in such topics as diverse, low input agriculture, agro-forestry and water management. One might even recommend a course in effective strategies against high energy systems. Much high quality foreign assistance will be required for developing nations in most cases to make this effective.

Although large scale tree planting raises carbon dioxide uptake and thus tends to lower atmospheric concentrations, its reputation has unfortunately been sullied by those corporations that cut forest in order to do this. Moreover, we must watch out for those governments that show-case conservation in one region while cutting in another, or even more devious, conserving one’s home forest allowing or promoting legal or illegal timber imports from clear felled forests (meaning natural forests) across borders. Some important nations have been doing this in neighbouring and distant lands for decades. In addition, trees can be cut illegally, suffer arson, and now we know could be the victim of warming, making them into carbon sources rather than sinks.

Clean Development Mechanism or Offsets

Any scheme to allow forest conservation or tree planting as part of the "Clean Development Mechanism" requires excellent planning and implementation, full transparency, high level monitoring, effective laws and enforcement, and periodic evaluation, all far better than has been done before. It is indeed doubtlful whether the CDM should include trees. It would be better if it were confined to hard technological projects, while support for forest conservation and tree planting is carried out using traditional foreign aid with higher than usual local participation and higher than usual transparency and with much greater funding. Robin Hahnel in his article A tale full of sound and fury, signifying nothing on Znet makes an intelligent defence of the CDM.

More importantly than the anti-trading objections to the CDM offsets by some, the industrial world cannot possibly "offset" its pollution by conserving forest and tree planting, for five reasons. Firstly, any tree planting must be seen as devoted to capturing carbon already in the air. Secondly, the forest must be conserved to have any hope. Thirdly, trees take time to grow, and so many species do not take up much carbon dioxide until they are several years old. Fourthly, the world must use all of the existing crop land to feed an expanding population. This could be made a less serious problem if land devoted to feeding livestock and biofuel were changed to land for human food crops, and if religious leaders were to support massive birth control. Fifthly, there is probably no way that the industrial world can be sure that trees planted will reach maturity without being destroyed by pests, fire, either arson, or eventually fire due to climatic warming. Robbers still store carbon.

Because biologists are concerned that plantations or forests could degrade or burn as temperatures rise, it is suggested that once such a state approaches, those areas of timber susceptible should be rapidly cut and either stored for progressive use in buildings and furniture or converted to biochar and buried.


   Copyright © 2009 Michael Tuckson.  All Rights Reserved 

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Các chiến lược mới để làm giảm nhẹ sự thay đổi khí hậu      

Semi-Random Slogans

Invite a denier to lunch

Eat less meat every day

Form a small climate group

Inertia will kill us, twice

Holiday on bicycles

Learn how to plant and nurture trees

Drain your rice fields sometimes 

Auction caps 

Grow and store carbon 

Write to a newspaper in a denier region 

Help the employees, not the fossil fuel owners

Read a book, not a newspaper, on the bus

350 not 450

Study tropical forest protection

Why are most deniers men?

Carbon tax before cap and trade

Look for a home closer to work

Write a new page for this website

Oppose lobbying

Put a new slogan on your bicycle or bag every day 

Study the latest climate science first

No air-conditioning before lunchtime

Drink just a little cow milk

Study Earth's thermal inertia

Learn how to teach

Send parts of this website to a politician

Grow and store carbon in houses 

Organize exchanges with Asian universities 

Grow crops not livestock

Rationing is equitable

Study thermal inertia in buildings

Practice dialogue, not argument

Behaviour before technology

Make a bicycle path plan

Don't use concrete

Drive a much smaller car

Study the denier claims

1.5 not 2.0

Don't use trees for offsets

Work with a bilingual person 

Eat even less meat every day

Support better democracy

Do deniers care for their grandchildren? 

Paint your roof white

Oppose advertising by polluting companies

Consume less, save money

Form an international group 

Help a politician to learn

Making cement emits CO2.

Education must be global 

Grow and store carbon in the soil

Fans, not air-conditioning

Lobbying is bribery

Study growing algae

Improve the school curricula

You can't read driving a car

Find dated photos of glaciers

Study which companies bribe political parties 

How do you entice a denier to want to learn?

Share your job with an oil driller

Plant trees to absorb carbon dioxide already in the atmosphere

Have you tried Tahini dip?

What do deniers understand?

Dress less formally in the heat

Design a more tempting commuter bus

Get to know a denier's children

Pay tax to fund retraining

Less clothing, not fans

Eat kangaroo meat 


Improve the university curricula

One is enough

Interview a climate scientist on video

Insulate your home

Open a wind turbine factory in a coal town

Study Earth feedback processes

300 not 350

Wheat is safer than rice

Take men's fashions up, and women's down

Use a condom in emergencies

Share some job-time

Protest forest destruction

Wear a cotton coat

Study tree plantations

Eat just a little cheese

Get to know a denier's grandchildren

Why do the rich want to grow?

Put on an extra jumper when its cold outside

Offer a new job to a coal miner

Adopt two

Join an NGO today

Political bribes, not donations

None is enough

Holiday close to home

Invest in a diverse plantation

Wear less in the heat

Talk to migrants about emailing home

Make compost

Promote eco-tourism for locals

Read more of this website

Ask a politician have they read James Hansen

Eat less cream

Jumpers are cheaper than gas

Arrange a climate debate

Build a thick-walled house

Study how to turn moderate deniers

Study fast growing trees

Hand out appropriate leaflets at railway stations

Study your local energy organization

Learn about the delights of veganism

Study Chinese

Practice walking

Shirts are enough in hot weather

Support rapid research on how to turn deniers

Try an IUD

Asians make blankets from cotton and kapok

Get to know your neighbours

Recycle jumpers and coats

Holiday by mass land transport

Drink red wine, not milk

Support rapid research on capturing CO2 from the air.

Hand out leaflets at bus stops

Men's legs are beautiful too

Talk to local government about recycling biological waste

Keep a stock of morning after pills


Adopt another one

When will the USA go metric?

Write and publish leaflets

Holiday on a sailing ship

Start a course on climate change and solutions

Exercise periodically when its cold

Farmers now support the Green party

Give a talk at the local school

Chocolate's great with soya cream

Climate crisis not climate change

Share a car with your neighbours

Study tipping points and irreversibility

Email government ministers

Form a climate group with your neighbours or friends

Read Climate Cover-Up

Study palaeo-climatology

Soon meat becomes less tempting

Improve your foreign language skills

Adopt a baby girl 

Write an article for your local newspaper

Read Storms of My Grandchildren (after reading some climate science such as on this website)

Take plastic packaging off at the shop

Climate emergency not climate crisis

Ask you government to make a good video on the climate emergency

Move your company to where your workers live

Invite your favourite denier to a vegan lunch

Ask the supermarket to turn off half the lights

Study carbon taxes in more than one nation

Join yours with other climate groups

Shop at dimly lit shops

Email people you know abroad

Ask a climatologist to explain the various! meanings of CO2e

Plant and nurture trees in your garden till its full

Learn about biochar

Study the bus routes in your town or city

Support James Hansen for the Nobel Prize for physics, peace or whatever.

Protest new oil exploration

Install a solar thermal hot water heater

Shop for food where the fridges have lids or doors

Plant 10 trees a month in neighbours' gardens and in parks

Ask your adult children what they think

Write a better letter to the newspapers

Organize a demonstration outside coal company offices.

Where are the Nobel prizes for Earth and social sciences?

Form a climate group at work

Give a talk at a school in a coal town

No children is best

Buy a glass of wine for a denier

Start an NGO

Support honest and intelligent politicians

Study short-term GHGs

Join a good political party

Give a talk at a school at an oil town

Study hire-purchase for solar panels

Stake out a coal energy factory

Don't export coal or oil

Work in a vulnerable area

Invest in geothermal

Live with a farmer family in the holidays and help them plant trees

Build a sailing ship

Give talks at the local town.

Hand out leaflets at another station

Video a debate

Move to a swinging seat in time for close elections



















 Michael Tuckson

The website author and publisher, December 2009.


Easy Summary


We must try to understand up-to-date climate science coming out over the last few years that warns of possible disaster. Ice shelves and sheets are melting much faster than before. Global temperatures are rising, with oscillations due to ocean oscillations. Natural causes are minor compared with pollution. This understanding must be spread by advanced adult education, especially among the powerful. As many readers as possible must spread understanding.


Denier leaders are funded by the fossil fuel, tobacco and similar corporations and/or are ideologues. Their arguments are always against, not considering pro and con, as with real science. They rarely call for better understanding, just attempt to confuse. None are climate scientists. Their motivation is salary and weak government, not salary and discovery. Either they do not care about their descendants or they do not understand the probable future.


We must put more emphasis on the short-term greenhouse influences such as methane. Carbon dixide must be captured from the atmosphere. Also we must lead with behaviour change before appropriate technology spreads. Birth control is important in some regions. Job-time sharing and retraining can reduce any unemployment resulting from mitigation measures. Mitigation must be coordinated globally by government and citizens in modern sectors. City pairing could be useful.